Public Sector Employment

Often talked about – but what are the facts…

I will be looking at full time equivalents (FTE); seasonally adjusted (SA) all readily available from ONS.

Observations:

  • Public sector employment is still high even during the conservatives
  • Central government has increased mostly due to NHS staff increases
  • Local services has been decreased mostly due to cuts in social and health services
  • NHS staff has increased also during conservative government
  • Social services has been cut during conservative government
  • HM Forces being reduced. Only increase was during labour
  • Administrations is being cut during conservative government

Governments since:

  • 1979: Conservative
  • 1997: Labour
  • 2010: Conservative

Total Public Sector

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Looking at the numbers below it does not add up:

2,602,000 + 1,610,000 = 4,212,000 so missing 285,000 FTE’s somewhere to get 4,497,000

Labour was in power from 1997 to 2010, which may explain the rising slope from 1999 to 2008.

The big jump in 2008 was due to bank nationalisations during the 2008 crisis.

Still in 2017 the public sector employment is high even during a conservative government.

Seems like austerity only applies to the private sector.

Central government

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Increasing even with a conservative government.

Local government

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Local services has been cut during the conservative government.

Public Administration

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Administration has been reduced during the conservative government.

NHS

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NHS staff has significantly increased since 1999 during both governments.

Hiring was very high during the 2008 crisis, which may have worsened the deficit.

Health and Social

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May explain cuts to social and mental services and reduction in local government.

HM Forces

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HM Forces has been continuously being reduced during both governments.

Only increases has been during labour governments.

Education

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Massive cut in 2012 but still higher than in early labour days.

Police

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Been cut during conservative government and still falling.

Civil Service

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Been falling since 2005 during both governments.

Other

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This clearly shows the nationalised businesses and the selling of Royal Mail in 2013.

Unemployment

Based on ONS employment figures.

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So nearly no unemployed then?

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Seems like we are missing around 20%, which is the “economically inactive”:

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Which translates to:

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4.6% + 74.8% + 21.5% = 101%

ONS states:

Everybody aged 16 or over is either employed, unemployed or economically inactive

The definition of each of these are for people aged 16 to 64:

  • Employed:
    • had paid work (as an employee or self-employed)
    • in a job that they were temporarily away from
    • on government-supported training and employment programmes, and those doing unpaid family work
  • Unemployed
    • without a job, have been actively seeking work in the past 4 weeks and are available to start work in the next 2 weeks
    • out of work, have found a job and are waiting to start it in the next 2 weeks
  • Economically Inactive
    • without a job who have not sought work in the last 4 weeks and/or are not available to start work in the next 2 weeks
    • students, people looking after family and home, long-term sick and disabled, temporarily sick and disabled, retired people and discouraged workers

Employed

You are counted as employed even if you have a “zero hour contract” as you are in a job you are “temporarily away from”.

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Unemployed

The key “actively seeking work” means anybody getting Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA).

Lots of people would not register for JSA as they would not get anything anyway.

Some examples from JSA rules where you would not get anything hence people would not sign-on then:

  • More than £16,000 in savings
  • Your partner works more than 24 hours per week

Economically Inactive

This is complex but looking at the data below it seems to be falling.

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Male inactivity is increasing not sure why?:

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Female inactivity is falling as more females are having a career:

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It may be explained by more people on benefits but needs further investigation as graph below is not in % of total population:

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Villages Inside Barcelona City

The best known areas with small streets are: El Raval, El Gotic and El born

However there are many other worth while seeing.

Most of these villages were “glued” together by the grid of Eixample in early 1900s.

The headlines link to tags related to the districts.

Vila de Gràcia

No secret any more but still many tourist never go here.

This district is very bohemian but has become more mainstream the last few years.

Great area to go for bars and restaurants.

English is spoken in most places here.

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Fiesta de Gracia in front of the Gracia town hall (left) and Casa Vicens – Gaudi’s first house in Gracia (right):

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El Camp de l’Arpa del Clot

Quite unknown to tourists hence mainly Spanish area and less English is spoken.

Most bars are local but there are a few lovely bodegas and restaurant worth trying.

Have a walk down Rogent which connects to Poblenou.

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Parc del Clot with the town hall in the background (left) and Diables in our local street (right):

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Sants

Near one of the main train stations but many people never get to see the village here.

My favourite place is Plaça d’Osca but also try to cross Carrer de Sants and explore the other side.

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Building on Carrer de Sants (left) and Fiesta de Sants (right):

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Poblenou

The “new village” having it’s own Rambla with lots of bars and restaurants.

But also try to walk in the parallel streets where less touristic bar and restaurants are awaiting.

And finally end up on the beach.

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Beach bar at end of Rambla Poblenou hidden behind the boat yard (left) and a restaurant in one of the side streets off the Rambla (right).

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British Governments

Often discussed when things took place what government to blame…

Recent governments from Wikipedia:

Year From

Prime Minister

Party

Ministry

1979

Margaret Thatcher

Conservative

First Thatcher ministry

1983

Margaret Thatcher

Conservative

Second Thatcher ministry

1987

Margaret Thatcher

Conservative

Third Thatcher ministry

1990

John Major

Conservative

First Major ministry

1992

John Major

Conservative

Second Major ministry

1997

Tony Blair

Labour

Blair ministry

2001

Tony Blair

Labour

Blair ministry

2005

Tony Blair

Labour

Blair ministry

2007

Gordon Brown

Labour

Brown ministry

2010

David Cameron

Conservative and Liberal Democrat

Cameron–Clegg coalition

2015

David Cameron

Conservative

Second Cameron ministry

2016

Theresa May

Conservative

First May ministry

2017

Theresa May

Conservative with DUP support

Second May ministry

Pedestrian Streets

In addition to the ramblas there are many other great streets with great sights, shopping, bars and restaurants.

Note, even if a street is pedestrianised you will still get cars, scooters and bicycles going through the street from time to time so watch out.

Avenida de Gaudi

Goes from La Sagrada Familia to Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau.

Getting there:

  • Metro: Sagrada Familia

My favourites:

  • La Sagrada Familia: does not need any introduction
  • Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau: Modernista hospital in beautiful settings. Must see

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Carrer de Rogent

This is our local high street with many nice shops.

Getting there:

  • Metro: Clot or Encants

My favourites (from top left and down):

  • Pizza Que: Great pizza made in proper wood fire oven
  • D’Clot: Nice little vermouth bar
  • Vinacoteca: Just to the left in Carrer de Valencia. Great wine shop
  • Bodega Sopena: To the right in Carrer del Clot. Very old bodega with original interior. Great wine and vermouth
  • A Ruta Gallega: Galician restaurant. Cheap and decent Spanish food
  • Marlen-Tastets: Restaurant serving upmarket Catalan food. Expensive but very good
  • Parc del Clot: Great park for a picnic or drink

Additionally nearby turning left at Carrer del Dega Bahi you have Los Pajaritos fish restaurant and Bar Romans with Argentinian food.

 

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Carrer Verdi

The high street in Gracia.

Also try to head down Carrer d’Astúries.

Lots of shops and restaurants.

Getting there:

  • Metro: Fontana, Lesseps or Joanic

My favourites (from top left and down):

  • Well the whole of Gracia is great!

Nearby:

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